Spondylosis is a disease occurring mostly after the age of 40 years, being caused by a degenerative process in the intervertebral disc. Is due to the biochemical changes caused by aging, and mechanical depreciation of the intervertebral discs and ligaments over time. Because of this spondylosis can not be prevented, but its risk may be low if they meet certain rules:
1. Maintaining a good posture
Refers to keep the spine straight, so that weight is correctly distributed and intervertebral discs and ligaments are not subjected to additional stress, leading to their early wearing. The correct posture have learned since childhood. We must concern to sit straight with shoulders pulled back, neck aligned with shoulders, when we stand up or when we are sitting in office chair. Vicious positions when we are in front of the computer, too heavy a bag carried by children on one shoulder resulting in spinal deformities, premature wear and increase the risk of intervertebral disc spondylosis.
2. Avoiding spine injuries
So major trauma and small but repeated trauma can lead to spondylosis. Micro traumatisms occur mainly to persons who perform heavy physical work (eg construction workers). These people should be careful not to make great efforts, very hard not to overburden column. Also, do not make sudden movements, to raise and maintaining that weight right back position.
3. Maintaining a normal body weight
Overweight or obese people are more likely to develop spondylosis because too much weight affects the spine joints. Extra weight puts more pressure on the joints, favoring their wear.
4. The practice of regular exercise
We know that sport is good for health, the sport help and reduce the risk of spondylosis. You must choose exercises that will strengthen the back muscles of the neck and to have a correct position of the back, so the intervertebral joints are not overstretched.
5. Give up smoking
Besides dozens of benefits that make quitting smoking, remove this dangerous vice positively influence the treatment of spondylosis.
Lumbar spondylosisis the appearance of osteophytes in the lumbar vertebrae.
Bone spurs are bony growths small localized mainly on the front and side of the vertebral bodies. On X-rays can be seen well these osteophytes. Bone spurs are present at the many people who have lumbar spondylosis, but are asymptomatic. So bone spurs are the leading cause of back pain in this disease. Lumbar spondylosis usually produces no symptoms, occurring after complications. Some complications include nerve compression by bone spurs at the back of the vertebral body. Because pain is necessary to appear intervertebral hole diameter reduction by 30%. If the bone spur is found in the spinal canal can compress the spinal cord at that level, giving the characteristic symptoms. Spondylosis is a degenerative process. Mainly affects lumbar spine to persons over 40 years and the degenerative process progresses with age.
Lumbar spondylosis symptoms
Lumbar spondylosis symptoms are back pain and the morning stiffness. Lumbar spine is subjected to high stress, supporting most of her body weight. Thus, the inter-vertebral discs wear at this level is a causal factor of spondylosis and back pain often accompanies physical activity. Even the position of sitting or standing for a longer period of time can cause pain in people affected by lumbar spondylosis. Nerve compression as a complication of spondylosis, give characteristic symptoms: pain, numbness, weakness in the legs and buttocks. Another complication is the instability of the lumbar spine spondylosis due to morphological and functional alterations of the vertebrae and inter-vertebral discs. Vertebrae are not aligned normally slip one over the other, a process called spondylolisthesis. Spondylolisthesis cause spinal deformity, pain, paresthesia.
Lumbar spondylosis treatment may be medical, non-medical or surgical. Appropriate therapy will be chosen based on patient symptoms, the degree of evolution of disease and other factors that may interfere with the treatment chosen. Often, treatment can be combined, for example: medications associated with physical therapy, etc.. Drug therapy involves the administration of pain relievers, anti-inflammatories, muscle relaxants, antidepressants (if needed) or infiltration with steroids.
Surgery is performed when a nerve is incarcerated, causing numbness and severe pain and persistent.
Lumbar spondylosis non-drug therapy
Lumbar spondylosis non-drug therapy is: physical therapy, physiotherapy, massage. Patients suffering from chronic pain, persistent and annoying can to buy back various media (eg the car). They are beneficial because they limit movement of the spine, correct deformities and stabilize the spine. In the kinesiology lumbar traction can be made to increase the distance between the vertebrae, the pain-relieving effect.
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